The glorious Mount Bromo, the imposing icon of East Java, is an exciting cultural attraction once the indigenous Tenggerese who reside in the slopes of this mountain, conduct the ritual service of YadnyaKasada.
The Yadnya is a festival held every 14th day of this Kasada Month from the conventional Hindu lunar calendar.
Legend has it, so they meditated atop Mount Bromo, beseeching the mountain gods for assistance. The gods granted them 24 children on the state that the 25th kid must be thrown to the volcano because of human sacrifice. The gods’ request was observed, and therefore the custom of offering sacrifices thrown to the volcano to appease the deities lasts until now, but, of course, with no sacrifices of people. Instead, now chickens, goats, and vegetables are thrown to the crater as a sacrifice.
YadnyaKasada Is observed from the Tenggerese that are descendants of the aristocracy of the once mighty 13th-century Majapahit kingdom in East Java. At the autumn of the Majapahit Empire, they fled and took refuge in the upper slopes of Mt. Bromo.
On the day of YadnyaKasada, devotees who have awakened the mountain will plead together atop the hill and then throw their offerings into the crater of the volcano. The sacrifice contains vegetables, livestock, fruit, flowers in addition to cash, and are offered in grateful thanks for a wealth of agricultural produce and livestock awarded to them. Occasionally sailors clamber down into the crater despite apparent dangers, to retrieve the sacrificed goods, which are believed to bring them good fortune.
Visitors and tourists are welcome to watch this service, so several travel agents in East Java offer unique tours to Mt. Bromo starting from Surabaya or Malang, which include a pre-dawn horseback ride around the Sand-sea of Bromo along with the unforgettable sunrise over this mountain range. The volcano of Mt. Bromo forms a part of the Bromo-Semeru National Park.